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J. High Energy Phys. 08, 106 (2021)

Excited state Rényi entropy and subsystem distance in two-dimensional non-compact bosonic theory. Part II. Multi-particle states

Jiaju Zhanga,b  and M. A. Rajabpourc

a Center for Joint Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University, 135 Yaguan Road, Tianjin 300350, China

b SISSA and INFN, Via Bonomea 265, Trieste 34136, Italy

c Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza s/n, Gragoatá 24210-346, Niterói, RJ, Brazil

E-mail: jiajuzhang@tju.edu.cn,  mohammadali.rajabpour@gmail.com

Abstract

We study the excited state Rényi entropy and subsystem Schatten distance in the two-dimensional free massless non-compact bosonic field theory, which is a conformal field theory. The discretization of the free non-compact bosonic theory gives the harmonic chain with local couplings. We consider the field theory excited states that correspond to the harmonic chain states with excitations of more than one quasiparticle, which we call multi-particle states. This extends the previous work by the same authors to more general excited states. In the field theory we obtain the exact Rényi entropy and subsystem Schatten distance for several low-lying states. We obtain short interval expansion of the Rényi entropy and subsystem Schatten distance for general excited states, which display different universal scaling behaviors in the gapless and extremely gapped limits of the non-compact bosonic theory. In the locally coupled harmonic chain we calculate numerically the excited state Rényi entropy and subsystem Schatten distance using the wave function method. We find excellent matches of the analytical results in the field theory and numerical results in the gapless limit of the harmonic chain. We also make some preliminary investigations of the Rényi entropy and the subsystem Schatten distance in the extremely gapped limit of the harmonic chain.

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Center for Joint Quantum Studies, School of Science, Tianjin University     Address : Yaguan Road 135, Jinnan District, 300350 Tianjin, P. R. China