Physics Letters B 809, 135717 (2020) arXiv link
Horndeski gravity as D → 4 limit of Gauss-Bonnet
H. Lü, Yi Pang
Center for Joint Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China
We propose a procedure for the D →4 limit of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) gravity that leads to a well defined action principle in four dimensions. Our construction is based on compactifying D-dimensional EGB gravity on a (D −4)-dimensional maximally symmetric space followed by redefining the Gauss-Bonnet coupling α→α / D−4. The resulting model is a special scalar-tensor theory that belongs to the family of Horndeski gravity. Static black hole solutions in the scalar-tensor theory are investigated. Interestingly, the metric profile is independent of the curvature of the internal space and coincides with the D →4 limit of the usual EGB black hole with the unusual Gauss-Bonnet coupling α / D−4. The curvature information of the internal space is instead encoded in the profile of the extra scalar field. Our procedure can also be generalized to define further limits of the Gauss-Bonnet combination by compactifying the D-dimensional theory on a (D −p)-dimensional maximally symmetric space with p ≤3. These lead to different D →4 limits of EGB gravity as well as its D →2, 3 limits.